Step 1: Editor assessment
Peer review follows a number of stages, beginning with submitting your article to a journal. At this first stage, the journal editor will decide if it’s suitable for the journal, asking questions such as:
The editor might reject the article immediately, but otherwise it will move to the next stage, and into peer review.
Step 2: First round of peer review
The editor will find and contact two or three other researchers or academics who are experts in your field. They will be asked to read your article, and advise the editor whether to publish your paper in that journal.
So what are they looking for? This depends on the subject area, but they will be checking: